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Honour School of Oriental Studies

A

  • 1. The main subjects of the examination in the Honour School of Oriental Studies shall be Arabic, Chinese, Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Hebrew, Japanese, Jewish Studies, Persian, Sanskrit, and Turkish, together with such other subjects as may be determined by the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies.

  • 2. Every candidate in the examination shall be required to offer one of the main subjects listed above: candidates offering one of the above languages shall also be required to show an adequate knowledge of the literature and history of the civilization concerned, and candidates offering a history subject listed above shall also be required to show an adequate knowledge of the language concerned.

  • 3. No candidate shall be admitted to examination in this school unless they have either passed or been exempted from the First Public Examination.

  • 4. In the Class List issued by the examiners in the Honour School of Oriental Studies the main subject and (where appropriate) subsidiary language offered by each candidate who obtains Honours shall be indicated.

  • 5. Any candidate whose name has been placed in the Class List, upon the result of the examination in any one of the subjects mentioned in clause 1, shall be permitted to offer themselves for examination in any other of the subjects mentioned in the same clause at the examination in either the next year or the next year but one, provided always that they have not exceeded six terms from the date on which they first obtained Honours in a Final Honour School, and provided that no such candidate shall offer any of the main subjects already offered by them in the School of Oriental Studies.

  • 6. The examination in this school shall be under the supervision of the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies, which shall make regulations concerning it subject always to the preceding clauses of this sub-section.

B

The Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies shall issue the handbook for the Honour School of Oriental Studies (with annexes for all main and subsidiary languages) no later than the Monday of first week of the Michaelmas full-term prior to the year in which candidates shall sit their Final Honour School examinations. The handbook shall include, amongst other information, course details, lists of set texts and regulations regarding the submission of dissertations and long-essays.

Choice and availability of options. It cannot be guaranteed that teaching will be available on all Further and Special Subjects in every academic year. Similarly, the choice of subject for the dissertation will necessarily depend upon availability of a suitable supervisor. Candidates should therefore consult with their tutors about the availability of teaching when selecting their optional and dissertation subjects. 

Candidates, except in the case of Arabic, proposing to offer a Special Subject not included in the lists below must obtain the approval of the board both for their subject and for the treatises or documents (if any) which they propose to offer with it.

Except in the case of Arabic, Chinese and Japanese, if the candidate so desires and the board thinks it appropriate, such a Special Subject may be examined in the form of a dissertation.

All dissertation titles must be approved by the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies.  Applications for approval must be made by Monday Week 0 of Hilary Term in the year of the exams. 

For the submission of all dissertations, an electronic copy of the dissertation and a declaration form confirming that the dissertation is the candidate’s own work must be uploaded to the University approved online assessment platform, by the date specified in the relevant subsection of the course handbook. Instructions and links to the submission site will be made available by the academic administration team. The dissertation must not bear the candidate’s name, but only the examination number. Dissertations previously submitted for the Honour School of Oriental Studies may be resubmitted. No dissertation will be accepted if it has already been submitted, wholly or substantially, for another Honour School or degree of this University, or for a degree of any other institution. The dissertation shall not exceed 15,000 words. 

All applications for approval by the board must be sent to the Secretary of the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies, Oriental Institute, on the date published in the course handbook and must be accompanied by a copy of a list of the treatises or documents (if any) offered.

All candidates must give notice, on their examination entry forms, of their Special Subjects and choice of books or subjects, where alternatives exist, to the Registrar on or before the Friday in the fourth week of the Michaelmas Full Term preceding the examination. The notice must specify the subject so offered, and, if a subject specially approved by the board, also the treatises or original documents (if any) which it has approved.

Candidates may be examined viva voce.

The editions of texts specified in the course handbooks are the ones which will be used for the reproduction of material for examination purposes, not necessarily the ones which provide the most useful material for the study of the texts concerned.

For those papers where a selection of unspecified texts is to be examined, the selection of texts will be reported to the Undergraduate Studies Committee of the board at its first meeting in Hilary Term for the examination in the year of the examination, and copies of the lists of selected texts will be available for candidates not later than Friday of the third week of the same term in the course handbook.

Oral examinations for Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew (Course II) Japanese, Persian, and Turkish will be held in the week before Trinity Full Term in the year in which the Honour School examination is taken.

Regulations Concerning Individual Subjects

The subjects of the school are arranged below in two sections: (i) main subjects; (ii) subsidiary languages. Within each section subjects are listed in alphabetical order as follows:

[See Table 22]

In addition, candidates may offer Classics either as a main subject or as subsidiary language in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies.

Candidates offering Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, Persian or Turkish as their main subject may offer a subsidiary language as specified below; candidates offering Sanskrit must offer a subsidiary language as specified below; and candidates offering Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies must offer either a subsidiary language or Archaeology and Anthropology as specified below.

Candidates offering Arabic or Turkish or Persian as their main subject will be required to spend a period of at least one academic year on an approved course of language study in the Middle East.

Candidates offering Chinese or Japanese as their main subject are required to spend a period of at least one academic year on an approved course of language study in East Asia.

Candidates offering Hebrew shall take one of the following courses:

Course I: Candidates will be examined in accordance with the regulations set out below.

Course II: Candidates will be examined in accordance with the regulations set out below. Candidates offering Hebrew Course II as their main subject will be required to spend a period of at least one academic year on an approved course of study in Israel.

References to Classics in the following Regulations are to the syllabus in Classics for the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies.

Main Subjects

Arabic

Either, for Arabic and Islamic Studies

  • 1. Arabic unprepared translation into English and comprehension.

    2. Composition in Arabic.

    3. Oral

    4. Arabic literature.

    5. Islamic history, 570-1500.

    6. Islamic religion.

    7. A Further Subject, chosen from a list published in the course handbook.

    8. and 9. A Special Subject (to be examined in two papers, as outlined below), chosen from a list published in the course handbook.

  • 10. A dissertation.

  • Notes:

    (i) Candidates for all Special Subjects will be examined by means of a timed paper, and by means of an extended essay, which shall not exceed 6,000 words (including footnotes but excluding bibliography), and shall be on a topic or theme selected by the candidate from a question paper published by the examiners on the Friday of the fourth week of Michaelmas Term in the year of examination. Candidates will be contacted with details of how to collect or access the question paper.  Essays should be typed in double-spacing and should conform to the standards of academic presentation prescribed in the ‘Guidelines for writers of Theses’ in the course handbook. Essays shall normally be written during the Michaelmas Term in the year of examination and must be submitted not later than 12 noon on the Friday before the beginning of Hilary Full Term of the year of examination. Each essay must be accompanied by a formal declaration confirming that the essay is the candidate's own work. The University’s regulations on Late Submission of Work will apply.

    (ii) Any candidate may be examined viva voce.

or, for Arabic with a Subsidiary Language, Papers 1-6 and 10 above (A dissertation is to be approved by the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies. See the ‘Guidelines for writers of theses’ under Arabic and Islamic Studies above for notes concerning the preparation and submission of a dissertation) and 11, 12, 13: three papers from one of the following languages:

  • Akkadian.

  • Aramaic and Syriac.

  • Armenian.

  • Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies).

  • Early Iranian.

  • Hebrew.

  • Hindi/Urdu.

  • Persian.

  • Turkish.

Chinese

Either, for Chinese only,

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Modern Chinese I.

  • 2. Modern Chinese II.

  • 3. Oral

  • 4. Classical I.

  • 5. Classical II.

  • 6. Modern China.

  • 7. Dissertation on a subject approved by the Board of the Faculty.*

  • 8. Special Option I: Texts and Essays

  • 9. Special Option II: Texts and Essays

  • 10. Special Option III: Extended Essay

    *This will be in the same area as that chosen in Special Options I or II or Linguistics (if available).

  • The options for Special Option I and II together with the relevant texts will be set out in the handbook for the year prior to the year of the examinations.

Or Chinese with a subsidiary language

Papers 1-7 above and papers 11, 12, and 13 below in Japanese, Korean, or Tibetan or Sanskrit as in the regulations for Sanskrit as a subsidiary language.

  • 11. Japanese, Korean, or Tibetan Texts (Subsidiary).

  • 12. Japanese, Korean, or Tibetan History and Culture (Subsidiary).

  • 13. Japanese, Korean, or Tibetan Language (Subsidiary).

Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies

Candidates must offer both a first language and either a second language or Archaeology and Anthropology.

As first language: Akkadian or Egyptian

As second language, which must be different from the first language (note that teaching for some of these languages may not be available every year):

Akkadian

Arabic

Aramaic and Syriac

Early Iranian

Egyptian

Coptic

Hebrew (Biblical and Rabbinic)

Hittite

Sumerian

(Classics may also be offered as a second language, but in that case candidates must transfer to the joint School of Classics and Oriental Studies and the Examination Regulations for that school will apply.)

Candidates will be required to offer the following papers in the first language:

1. Translation Paper (either Akkadian as first language or Egyptian as first language).
2. Prepared Texts (either Akkadian as first language or Egyptian as first language).
3. Text Edition Essay (either Akkadian as first language or Egyptian as first language): a submitted essay (take-home paper).
4. A Special Option, to be chosen from a list of topics published at the beginning of Michaelmas Term each year by the Subject Group for examination in the following academic year. Candidates may instead propose their own Special Option, which must be approved by the Subject Group in Michaelmas Term of the candidate's final year.
5. Selected Egyptian and/or Ancient Near Eastern artefacts together with essay questions on material culture.
6. A General Paper on either Ancient Near Eastern Studies or Egyptology.
7. A dissertation on a topic to be approved by the Subject Group, of a different character from the topic chosen for paper 4 (the topic will typically relate to the first language but could relate to the second language or Archaeology and Anthropology or to an area of overlap).

Instead of either paper 4 or paper 7 candidates offering Egyptian as first language may optionally choose to substitute:

8. Egyptian Art and Architecture. Selection of this paper is subject to approval by the Subject Group.

In addition, candidates will be required to offer three more papers, according to the second language or equivalent which the candidate is to offer:

Candidates offering Arabic, Aramaic and Syriac, Coptic, Early Iranian, Hebrew, Hittite, or Sumerian as the second language will be required to offer papers 1–7 (or 8) above and three papers according to the regulations for those languages as subsidiary languages in the Honour School of Oriental Studies.

(Candidates offering Classics as a subsidiary language in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies will be required to offer papers 1–7 (or 8) above and three subjects in Classics according to the conditions specified in the Examination Regulations for that School.)

Candidates offering Archaeology and Anthropology instead of a second language will be required to offer papers 1–7 (or 8) above and three further papers as follows:

1. The Nature of Archaeological and Anthropological Enquiry.
2. Either Urbanism and Society or From Hunting and Gathering to States and Empires in South-West Asia (but note that teaching for the latter paper may not be available every year).
3. Either Social Analysis and Interpretation or Cultural Representations, Beliefs, and Practices.

Note: Candidates offering Archaeology and Anthropology will additionally be required to undertake a course of practical work, including laboratory work; they will be assessed, at the end of the sixth term from matriculation, on their practical ability, under the provisions for Honour Moderations in Archaeology and Anthropology. They will also be required to take part in approved fieldwork as an integral part of their course; the fieldwork requirement will normally have been discharged before the Long Vacation of six terms from matriculation.

Hebrew

Either, for Hebrew only,

Candidates for Course I will be required to offer seven papers and a dissertation. Candidates for Course II will be required to offer seven papers and a dissertation, and an oral examination. Candidates for Course II are required to spend a year abroad as stated in the Special Regulations for Honour School of Oriental Studies.

  • 1. (for Course I): Hebrew composition and unprepared translation.

    (for Course II): Essay in modern Hebrew and unprepared translation.

    2. Prepared texts I: Biblical texts.

    3. Prepared texts II: Rabbinic and Medieval Hebrew texts.

    4. Prepared texts III: Modern Hebrew literature.

    5.  History, Culture and Society.

    6. and 7. Two optional papers in Jewish Studies paper c. Not more than one paper from Section V of the course handbook.

    8.  Dissertation (Refer to Section B, Special Regulations for the Honour School of Oriental Studies).

    9. (for Course II) Oral.

Or, for Hebrew with a subsidiary language, Papers 1-4 and 8 above, and three papers from one of the following additional subjects: Akkadian, Arabic, Aramaic and Syriac, Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), Egyptology, Persian and Turkish.

Japanese

Either, for Japanese only,

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Modern Japanese I.

  • 2. Modern Japanese II.

  • 3. Oral.

  • 4. Classical Japanese.

  • 5. Dissertation on a subject approved by the Board of the Faculty.

  • 6. Special text option I.

  • 7. Special subject option I.

  • 8. Special text option II.

  • 9. Special subject option II.

  • 10. Either Special Text option III or Special subject option III.

Or, for Japanese with a subsidiary language, Papers 1-7 above and papers 11, 12, and 13 below in Chinese, Korean, or Tibetan.

  • 11. Chinese, Korean, or Tibetan Texts (Subsidiary).

  • 12. Chinese, Korean, or Tibetan History and Culture (Subsidiary).

  • 13. Chinese, Korean, or Tibetan Language (Subsidiary).

Jewish Studies

The following papers will be set.

a. One paper on one of the following languages: Biblical and Rabbinic, Medieval Hebrew, Modern Hebrew or Yiddish.  Papers for Biblical and Rabbinic Hebrew, Medieval Hebrew and Modern Hebrew are the same papers for subsidiary languages under Hebrew a(1), (b)1 and (c)1.  Refer to section on Subsidiary Languages.  Teaching for some language options may not be available in every year.

b. History, Culture and Society

c. Five options, of which at least one must be chosen from each of sections I, II, and III. At least three must be chosen from papers which require study of set texts in the original language. Not more than one paper may be chosen from section V. The list of options will be published in the course Handbook by Monday in the Week 1 of Michaelmas Term in the year preceding the examinations.

Papers in section V will be examined in the form of two essays not exceeding 5,000 words in total. The subjects will be published at 10 a.m. on Monday of second week in the term in which the final examination is to be offered, and must be submitted no later than 12 noon on Monday of third week. Candidates will be contacted with details on how to access the question paper. A statement declaring that the essays are the candidate's own work should be submitted in addition to the essays.

d. A dissertation (see the regulations for dissertations set out under B, SPECIAL REGULATIONS FOR THE HONOUR SCHOOL OF ORIENTAL STUDIES).

Special subjects may be offered instead of one of the five options in (c) above subject to the approval of the Oriental Studies Board.

Some options may not be available in every year.

Candidates may obtain from the Oriental Institute information about which options may be offered for examination the first Monday of Michaelmas Full Term of the academic year preceding that in which the papers will be set.

Applications for the approval of options must be submitted by the deadline published in the course handbook.

Persian

The following papers will be set. Candidates will be required to offer ten papers.

  • Either, for Persian only,

  • 1. Unprepared translation from Persian.

  • 2. Translation into Persian and essay

  • 3. Oral.

  • 4. Persian literature: 1000 – 1400

  • 5. Persian literature: 1400 – 1900

  • 6. Persian literature: 1900 – the present

  • 7. Themes in Iranian history

  • 8. and 9. Optional subjects in Iranian and Middle Eastern History and Culture. The list of available optional subjects will be available in the Course Handbook

  • 10. Dissertation

  • or, for Persian with a subsidiary language,

  • Papers 1., 2., 3., 7., and 10. above and 11. and 12.

  • Two papers from papers 4., 5., and 6 above

  • 13.,  14.,  and 15. Subsidiary language. Three papers on one of the following languages: Arabic, Armenian, Hebrew, Early Iranian, Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), Hindi/Urdu, and Turkish.

  • Applications for the approval of options in papers, 8., 9., 13., 14., and 15. must be submitted to the Faculty Office by the deadline in the Course Handbook.

Sanskrit

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Sanskrit unprepared translation.

  • 2. Essay questions on classical Indian literature, history and culture.

    3. Ancient Indian linguistics.

    4. The historical philology of Old Indo-Aryan, with particular reference to: selected sūktas from the Ṛgveda Saṃhitā and/or the Atharvaveda Saṃhitā and/or selected passages of prose from the Yajurveda Saṃhitā and/or Brāhmaṇas, and/or from the early Upaniṣads.

  • 5. Chosen area of Sanskrit studies. Chosen area to be approved by the Subject Group. Applications for approval must be submitted by the Monday of the sixth week of the Trinity Term of the academic year preceding the examination.

  • 6. A special subject as approved by the Subject Group.

  • 7. Dissertation.

  • 8., 9., 10. Three papers on one of the following additional languages: Hindi, Early Iranian, Pali and Prakrit, Tibetan or Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies).

Turkish

The following papers will be set:

Either, for Turkish only,

  • 1. Unprepared translation from Ottoman and modern Turkish.

  • 2. Translation into Turkish and essay in Turkish.

  • 3. Oral.

  • 4. Ottoman historical texts.

  • 5. Turkish political and cultural texts, 1860 to the present.

  • 6. Modern Turkish literary texts.

  • 7., 8., 9. Three papers from a list of options published in the course handbook.

  • 10.  A dissertation.

or, for Turkish with a subsidiary language, Papers 1-6 and 10 above (A dissertation is to be approved by the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies. See the ‘Guidelines for writers of Theses’ under Arabic and Islamic Studies above for notes concerning the preparation and submission of a dissertation) and

  • 11., 12., 13. Three papers on one of the following languages: Arabic, Armenian, Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), Early Iranian, Hebrew, Hindi/Urdu, Persian.

Subsidiary Languages 

Akkadian (for candidates offering Arabic, Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), Egyptian, or Hebrew as main subject).

The following papers will be set:

1. Translation paper (Akkadian as second language).

2. Prepared texts (Akkadian as second language).

3. Text edition essay (Akkadian as second language): a submitted essay (take-home paper).

Instead of either paper 2 or paper 3, candidates may offer one of papers 4, 5, 6, or 7 as specified for the Honour School of Oriental Studies (Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies as a main subject). Any such substitution will be subject to the approval of the EANES Subject Group.

Arabic (for candidates offering Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Hebrew, Persian, or Turkish as main subject).

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Arabic prose composition and unprepared translation.

  • 2. Additional Arabic: literary texts.

    Selected classical and modern Arabic prose texts (lists available in the course handbook).

  • 3. Additional Arabic: Islamic texts.

    Selected Arabic religious texts (list available in the course handbook).

    Papers 2 and 3 may contain general and linguistic questions.

Aramaic and Syriac (for candidates offering Arabic, Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Hebrew or Persian as main subject).

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Syriac prose composition and Aramaic and Syriac unprepared translation.

  • 2. Aramaic prepared texts.

  • 3. Syriac prepared texts.

    Papers 2 and 3 may contain general and grammatical questions.

Armenian

The following papers will be set:

either

A. Classical Armenian

  • 1. Classical Armenian prose composition and unprepared translation.

  • 2. Prepared religious texts.

  • 3. Prepared historical and other texts.

or

B. Modern Armenian

  • 1. Modern Armenian prose composition and unprepared translation.

  • 2. Prepared texts from the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries.

  • 3. Prepared texts from the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

Papers 2 and 3 will include questions on the subject-matter and grammar of the texts offered, and Paper 3 will also include questions on Armenian language, literature, and history.

Chinese (for candidates offering Japanese as main subject)

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Chinese Prescribed Texts. (Lists of texts will be available in the course handbook.)

  • 2. Either (a) Unprepared translation and prose composition, or (b) Classical Chinese. (Texts will be as prescribed for paper 3, ‘Classical texts’ of Moderations in Oriental Studies (Chinese).)

  • 3. History and Culture of China.

Coptic (for candidates offering Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies) or Egyptian as main subject).

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Translation paper (Coptic).

  • 2. Prepared texts (Coptic).

  • 3. Text edition essay (Coptic): a submitted essay (take-home paper).

Early Iranian

Candidates offering Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit or Turkish as main subject will offer three papers, with at least one but no more than two from group (a). 

(a) Old and Middle Iranian Language

  • 1. Avestan texts

  • 2. Old Persian texts

  • 3. Middle Persian texts

(b) Religion and Philology of Ancient and Late Antique Iran

  • 4. Zoroastrianism

  • 5. Indo-Iranian Philology

(c) History of Ancient and Late Antique Iran

  • 6. The Achaemenid Empire, 550-330 BC

  • 7. The Sasanian Empire, 224-651 AD

(d) Early Iranian Texts and Topics:

  • 8. Texts and Topics

For paper 8, candidates will choose two of the subjects 1 to 7 above. Candidates may not choose under (d) a subject which they are also offering from groups (a)-(c), and in addition may not choose under (d) a subject from group (a) if they are already offering two subjects from group (a).

Egyptian (for candidates offering Akkadian, Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), or Hebrew as main subject).

The following papers will be set:

1. Translation paper (Egyptian as second language).

2. Prepared texts (Egyptian as second language).

3. Text edition essay (Egyptian as second language): a submitted essay (take-home paper).

Instead of either paper 2 or paper 3, candidates may offer one of papers 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 as specified for the Honour School of Oriental Studies (Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies as a main subject). Any such substitution will be subject to the approval of the EANES Subject Group.

Hebrew (for candidates offering Arabic, Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies) or Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Persian or Turkish as main subject).

Candidates taking Arabic, Persian or Turkish may offer either (a) Biblical and Rabbinic or (b) Medieval or (c) Modern Hebrew. Candidates taking Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies) may offer either (a) Biblical and Rabbinic or (b) Medieval Hebrew. Candidates taking Egyptology may offer only Biblical and Rabbinic Hebrew. Biblical texts will be set from Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (ed. Elliger and Rudolph).

The following papers will be set:

  • (a) Biblical and Rabbinic Hebrew:

  • 1. Prose composition and unprepared translation.

  • 2. Prepared texts I: Biblical texts.

  • 3. Prepared texts II: Rabbinic texts.

    Papers 2 and 3 may contain general and grammatical questions.

    (b) Medieval Hebrew:

  • 1. Unprepared translation.

  • 2. Prepared texts I.

  • 3. Prepared texts II.

    Papers 2 and 3 may contain general and grammatical questions.

  • (c) Modern Hebrew:

  • 1. Prose composition and unprepared translation.

  • 2. Prepared texts I.

  • 3. Prepared texts II.

Papers 2 and 3 may contain general and grammatical questions.

Hindi (for candidates offering Sanskrit as main subject)

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Hindi unprepared translation.

  • 2. Hindi prepared texts.

  • 3. Questions on Hindi language and literature. 

Hindi/Urdu (For candidates offering Arabic, Persian, or Turkish as main subject)

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Hindi and Urdu prose composition and unprepared translation;

  • 2. Hindi prepared texts with questions on language and literature;

  • 3. Urdu prepared texts with questions on language and literature.

Japanese (for candidates offering Chinese as main subject)

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Japanese Prescribed Texts.

  • 2. Either Unprepared translation, Prose Composition, and Grammatical Questions, or any Special Subject set for paper 8 of the syllabus in Japanese only [see the list of Special Subjects for Paper 8 set out under SPECIAL REGULATIONS FOR THE HONOUR SCHOOL OF ORIENTAL STUDIES, REGULATIONS CONCERNING INDIVIDUAL SUBJECTS, MAIN SUBJECTS, Japanese, Japanese only]

  • 3. Essay questions on Japanese Culture.

Korean (for candidates offering Chinese and Japanese as main subject)

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Korean texts.

  • 2. Korean History and Culture.

  • 3. Korean Language.

Pali and Prakrit (for candidates offering Sanskrit or Classics (in the honour school of Classics and Oriental Studies) as main subject).

The following papers will be set:

1. Unprepared translation from Pali and/or Prakrit literature.

2. Prepared texts.

3. Questions on Middle Indic language, literature, and culture.

Persian (for candidates offering Arabic, Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), Hebrew or Turkish as main subject).

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Persian Language.

  • 2. Pre-Modern Persian Literature.

  • 3. Modern Persian Literature.

Sanskrit (for candidates offering Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies) and Chinese (in the Honour School of Oriental Studies) as main subject.)

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Sanskrit unprepared translation.

  • 2. Questions on Sanskrit language and literature.

  • 3. Prepared texts.

Sumerian (for candidates offering Akkadian as main subject).

The following papers will be set:

1. Translation paper (Sumerian).

2. Prepared texts (Sumerian).

3. Text edition essay (Sumerian): a submitted essay (take-home paper).

Tibetan (for candidates offering Chinese, Japanese or Sanskrit as main subject)

  • 1. Tibetan prose composition and unprepared translation.

  • 2. Prepared texts, with questions.

  • 3. Questions on Tibetan culture and history.

Turkish (for candidates offering Arabic, Classics (in the Honour School of Classics and Oriental Studies), Hebrew or Persian as main subject).

The following papers will be set:

  • 1. Turkish prose composition and unprepared translation.

  • 2. Either (a) Additional Turkish: Late Ottoman and modern Turkish literary texts.

Or (b) Additional Turkish: Modern Turkish literary texts:

Either (a) Additional Turkish: Political and cultural texts, 1860 to the present.

Or (b) Additional Turkish: Political and cultural texts, 1920 to the present.

Table 22

Main Subjects

Subsidiary Languages

 

Arabic

Akkadian

Egyptology

Chinese

Arabic

Hebrew

Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies

Aramaic and Syriac

Hindi

Hebrew

Armenian

Hittite

Japanese

Chinese

Japanese

Jewish Studies

Coptic

Korean

Persian

Persian

Early Iranian

Sanskrit

Prakrit

Pali

Turkish

Sanskrit

Tibetan

 

Sumerian

Turkish